Joint pain is usually caused by injury or diseases that affect the joints or the tissues surrounding the joints. Joint pain can also be caused by condition such as injury, overuse and sprain. It can also be caused by infections such as rheumatic fever and septic arthritis, traumatic injuries, chronic degenerative conditions, autoimmune diseases such as Sjogren’s syndrome and malignancies such as cancer.
Joint is prone to injuries because it’s the area which is under motion when you are walking. Other parts that can be injured include the tendons, ligaments, bursae and bones within the joint.
Joint pain can also be caused by joint inflammation, infection and can also be a characteristic of the rare tumor of the joint.
Joint pain can be worsened by pressure, motion and weight bearing resistance with activity. Joint pain can also be associated with swelling, warmth and tenderness. Joint pain can last for a short period of time or can last for a long period of time (chronic). Chronic joint pain can last for more than three month.
Joint pain can be as a result of muscle sprain dislocation or bursitis. Chronic joint pain can be a symptom of serious condition such as osteoarthritis, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis and bone cancer.
Joint pain is usually accompanied by several signs and symptoms that vary depending on the underlying condition.
The common symptoms include redness around the area of the affected joint, swelling of the joint and fever.
Other symptoms that can occur include clicking, cracking and popping sound from the joint, reduced mobility, stiffness of the joint, visible deformities of the affected joint.
There are also symptoms that can occur alongside with joint pain. Some of these symptoms can be seen as unrelated to the joint. These symptoms include aching muscles, fatigue, dry mouth and skin, abdominal pain, aching muscles, butterfly shaped rash around the nose area, scaly patches of the skin, flu like symptoms such as sore throat, headache, muscle aches, fever chills, increased output of urine, fever not associated with flu symptoms and yellow skin and eyes also called jaundice.
In some cases joint pain can be accompanied by serious symptoms. Some of these symptoms include difficulties in breathing, muscle weakness, chest pains, debilitating pain, swollen lymph nodes, heart palpitations, high fever and pain in several joints with rash, bleeding from minor injuries, weight loss, rapid jerky movements and redness.
There are infections which can cause joint pain. These infections include measles, mumps, Osteomyelitis or bone infection, rubella, Lyme disease, influenza, hepatitis, syphilis and tuberculosis.
The symptoms and signs of joint pain will depend with underlying cause of the condition. Health care practitioners usually take history of your symptoms such as what activities you were involved in before you started experiencing joint pain. You should also let your doctor know the conditions that worsen or relieves your condition. Some tests are also necessary such as blood tests, x-rays, and other imaging studies.
Treatment of joint pain is usually directed towards the cause of the pain. If the joint pain is caused by an injury the treatment can include anti-inflammatory medications, rest and cold applications.
Gradual rehabilitation and physical therapy can also be helpful in treating joint pain. Additional medication can also be used for pain control. In cases where a form of arthritis is causing joint pain anti inflammatory medication will be helpful and can be taken with other medications that are used to treat arthritis. An example of medication that can be helpful in treating joint pain is FlexoPlex.
Surgical operations can be helpful in cases where there is a disease of the ligament cartilage.
Joint pain can also be treated using self care methods. These self-care methods include cold application, rest and medication which help to control pain and inflammation. In cold application ice can be applied in area where you experience joint pain and swelling. Rest helps in reducing inflammation which can be triggered by walking for a long period of time. If the pain is persistent after the administration of treatment you can discuss with your doctor about your condition so that necessary and effective treatment can be provided.
It is advisable to have regular medical follow ups so that you can know the progress of your condition and also get advice on which are an effective medication for your condition.